Evaluate the extent that people are responsible for making healthy food choices.
In 1943, Abraham Maslow, a large contributor to the creation of Humanistic Psychology, published the paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” that outlined the motivational theory of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to attempt to identify universal human necessities for how people are motivated. With the pyramid-like model empathizing that the bottom (and most basic) level of physiological needs of securing things such as food and other survival essentials are the most important things people need to obtain before focusing on obtaining other levels of needs (such as obtaining safety, security, belonging, social, and love) accentuates the idea that ensuring that physiological needs are universally necessary to one’s development and survival. Keeping this in mind, to what extent should people consider the importance to obtain quality things to fulfill their physiological needs? And what source should people be responsible for considering their own health choices in relation to food today’s society? To address these concerns, people should be highly responsible for making healthy food choices as it helps ensure that they are self-responsible for improving their own health and allows people to become more self-aware in ensuring future generations can obtain healthy lifestyle choices.Making healthy food choices allows people to be able to attain a sense of autonomy by teaching them to be more responsible for improving their own lifestyles around rather than being highly dependent on various obscure sources of authority in society to be responsible for directing their food choice.
In Michael Pollan’s book, In the Defense of Food, the author postulates about the negative ramifications of consumers heavily relying on the ideology of “nutritionism” (the idea that food is essentially the sum of their nutrient parts) in contributing to influence their food choices. When elaborating about the rise of the belief of nutritionism, Pollan states, “Since nutrients, as compared with foods, are invisible and therefore mysterious, it falls to the scientists (and to the journalists through whom the scientists reach the public) to explain the hidden reality of foods to us (as consumers)…For to enter a world where your dietary salvation depends on unseen nutrients, you need plenty of expert help.” When understanding health and wellness through reductionist explanations through distant second third parties, Pollan explains that contributed to a possibly sketchy codependency relationship between consumers, scientists and journalist over the understanding how to value and understand food. When this sketchy development has occurred, Pollan extrapolates that this ideology is ultimately beneficial for the business spectrum of those who promote by stating, “Nutritionism might be the best things ever to happen to the food industry, which has labored under the limits to growth imposed by a population of eaters that isn’t expanding nearly as fast as the food makers need it to if they are to satisfy the expectations of Wall Street...Not only does nutritionism favor ever more novel kinds of processed food (which are by far the most profitable kind to make), it actually enlists the medical establishment and the government in the promotion of those products.” Because the typical authority figures in society (government) and intellectually respectable institutions (medical/scientific communities) are areas of society that seek only to profit off of consumers using reductionist ideas to justify promoting certain health agendas, it is plausible to see how an overreliance on other sources of guidance in society can easily mislead and misinform consumers on how to well-informed decisions about their dietary health. Therefore, one may conclude that seeking to rely on one’s own cultural and interpersonal experiences to navigate through food choices is perhaps one of the best ways to make logical and fulfilling food choices. Through using one’s culture to research and endeavor to contribute to a healthier life can help promote a consolidated sense of sovereignty in one’s own geographical and/or cultural community, it most importantly indirectly advocates for people to become more responsible for improving their own immediate health by providing a sense of individualist autonomy when one engages in activities of being responsible of choosing healthier alternates of food when one takes initiative to contribute to the communities around them.
Being highly responsible for one’s own food choices allows people to become more cognizant the importance of promoting more healthy life choices for other future generations of humankind. According to the video For “Native Americans in Minnesota, food is a sign of oppression”, food is directly responsible to the well being of peoples’ health. When mentioning how modern choices food has impacted Native American groups the video states, “Native Americans have the highest rate of diabetes of any racial group in the U.S. Since the introduction of commoditized foods in the 50s, Native Americans have been plunged into a diet induced health crisis...(As) food can be medicine or poison depending on what you put into your body. There is so many health-related illnesses that could be remedied with healthy foods…that are not available.” Because of modern processed food being one of the only options available to them on the reservations that they lived on, it contributed to future generations to have multiple health problems. To combat the increasing rates of health issues, the video argues “To live a good life, you have to have good food. Because what I think is that (unhealthy) nutrition confuses us and makes us mean or unhappy. So I think if we get our balance back to our traditional foods, that it would help everything from diabetes, high blood pressure, and hypertension, and other illnesses that plague Indian country.” Through embracing that indigenous foods (known to be less processed) Native communities will be able to culturally consolidate their identities as Indians, but also help combat the current high rate of food related illness found in currently their community. After addressing rising health concerns found in the community right now, future generations will thereby be able to be healthier and adopt more beneficial and helpful practices of eating, allowing future generations of Indians to be able to be restored to their past physical and mental well being as a result.
Overall, food is an extremely important factor to consider in one’s health and wellbeing, as it is a direct contributor that helps inspires consumers with a sense of autonomy and ability to positively impact future generations. Therefore, because of how important it is, it can be concluded that people should be highly responsible over what and how they choose their food.
Pollan, Michael. In The Defense of Food. The Penguin Press, 2008
“For Native Americans in Minnesota, food is a sign of oppression.” YouTube, uploaded by Mic, 9 Feb 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xqPBxcDg8GM. Accessed 20 February 2018
Maslow,Abraham. A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 1943
Green D.Christopher “A Theory of Human Motivation.” Classics in the History of Psychology
http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Maslow/motivation.html Created August 2000, Accessed 22, February 2018